Do you want to work in the “Poultry” industry? If so, this article will instruct you on the courses, job options, and income range available in this sector.
A B.Sc. in Poultry Science is required to work in specialized domains and become an expert in poultry. Additionally, a few colleges in India provide a diploma in poultry health, a diploma in broiler breeder management, and a diploma in commercial broiler production management. One can continue their study in poultry-related specialties up to a Ph.D. after receiving a Bachelor’s degree.
For the B.V.Sc. and AH degrees, students must have completed their 10+2 requirements with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) (Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry). After graduation, the majority of students enrol in M.V.Sc. postgraduate programmes (Master of Veterinary Science). The M.V.Sc is a two-year programme that allows candidates to specialise in a variety of fields by selecting optional studies. Evaluation of Live Poultry, Introduction to HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points System), Avian Physiology, Production and Management of Game Birds in Confinement, Comparative Nutrition, Turkey Production, Commercial Egg Production, Incubation and Hatchery Management, Feed Mill Management and Feed Formulation, Poultry Breeding are just a few of the courses available in poultry science.
The discipline involves biological, chemistry related principles besides subjects like animal nutrition and food science. The following are the programs offered in the stream.
- Certificate in Poultry Farming
- Diploma in (Poultry husbandry / Poultry Management)
- Bachelor in Veterinary Science (Poultry Science)
- B.Sc. (Poultry Science)
- Bachelor of Technology (Poultry Production Technology)
- Masters in Veterinary Science (Poultry Science/ Poultry Production)
- M.Sc.(Poultry Production)
- Ph.D. (Poultry Science)
Poultry Industry & Public Sector: Due to the critical issue of bird flu, which is a big challenge for the poultry sector, there is currently a very high need for poultry specialists. To address the problems of disease and other issues for the overall development of the poultry sector, all poultry businesses require expertise. Any discipline, including hatchery, breeding, nutrition & feed manufacturing, health & biosecurity, economics, goods & processing, Management, technical, and sales, are open to postgraduates with training in poultry science.
There is a great need for experts in the field. For the fumigation and shedding processes, hatcheries and poultry sheds require a specialist. The following are the main duties in the field:
- recommending changes to increase the output of eggs or poultry meat
- monitoring the activities of the unit
- assistance for breeding programmes
- Management and operation of the gear at the incubator
- Applying ways to prevent bird illnesses
- observing the composition of feed and bird nutrition
At all academic levels, there are several opportunities. The improvement of manufacturing technology and other connected areas benefit greatly from the field study, which is constantly supported. For those who desire to work as researchers, the Agricultural Scientist Recruitment Board (ASRB) organises the National Eligibility Test (NET). Positions in the field are available from both government and non-governmental organisations. Additionally, government organisations like Krishi Vigyan Kendra hire postgraduates from the stream. Among the positions in government organisations are those for a livestock development officer, a veterinarian, and a subject matter expert.
The majority of employment opportunities in non-governmental organisations are offered by research institutions, poultry farms, and enterprises associated to poultry. A few of the job titles include production manager/supervisor, development executive, and logistic executive.
Another career possibility is teaching. Postgraduates and Ph.D. holders are sought after by the field’s colleges. Postgraduate students can get a lectureship by passing the National Eligibility Test.
The second best option is to work for yourself. Among the choices are poultry farms, hatcheries, poultry meat businesses, and entrepreneurs in the poultry food processing industry.
Thus, poultry science presents hopefuls with a lucrative employment opportunity.
You can apply or get admission to these courses if you meet the eligibility criteria. In India, some universities or institution offers admissions directly on the basis of marks in the qualifying examination while some other universities offer admission on the basis of marks obtained in the entrance test like NEET 2022. Interested students can also get admission through AIPVT 2022.
For admission in postgraduate courses, you should have a bachelor’s degree in the related field. Here we have mentioned some top institutions in India to pursue courses in this field:
- Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Bareilly
- Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU 2022)
- Pondicherry University (Pondicherry University Admission 2022)
- Karnataka Veterinary Animal and Fisheries Sciences University
- B.V. Rao Institute of Poultry Management & Technology
- Central Avian Research Institute
- Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati
Books and Study Aids
Are you perplexed about the greatest books to learn poultry?
Here, we’ve listed some of the top books that will support you as you study:
The Complete Guide to Broilers and Market Poultry – Michael K. Boyer
Poultry Keeping: For Fun and Profit – Arthur Roland
A Living From Poultry: Michael K. Boyer
Fiske, George Burnap, “Poultry Appliances & Handicraft: How to Make & Use Labor-Saving Devices”
Success Using Poultry – Curtis M. Grant
Alternative Systems for Poultry, P. Hocking and V. Sandilands
by M. C. Appleby and B. O. Hughes, Poultry Behaviour and Welfare
N. J. Daghir’s “Poultry Production in Hot Climates”